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Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

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Overview

Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Early 1990s Volkswagen Multivan Allstar
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles
Also called Volkswagen Eurovan (North America)
Volkswagen Caravelle
Production 1990–2003
Assembly Hannover, Germany
Poznań, Poland
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Mataram Motor)
Taoyuan, Taiwan
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle
Body style 4-door van
5-door van
6-door van
2-door pickup platform
3-door pickup platform
4-door pickup platform
4-door campervan
Layout Transverse front engine, front-wheel drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group T4 platform
Powertrain
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,920 mm (115.0 in) (swb)
3,320 mm (130.7 in) (lwb)
Length 4,707 mm (185.3 in) (swb)
5,107 mm (201.1 in) (lwb)
Width 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Height 1,940 mm (76.4 in) (normal roof)
2,430 mm (95.7 in) (high roof)
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)
Successor Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
Volkswagen Routan (US & Canada)


Early 1990s Volkswagen Multivan Allstar - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Early 1990s Volkswagen Multivan Allstar

The Volkswagen Transporter (T4), marketed in North America as the Volkswagen Eurovan, is a van produced by the German manufacturer Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles between 1990 and 2003, succeeding the Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) and superseded by the Volkswagen Transporter (T5).

History

Introduced in 1990, the T4 was the first in a line of Volkswagen Transporters to have a front-mounted, water-cooled engine. Prompted by the success of similar moves with their passenger cars, Volkswagen had toyed in the late 1970s with the idea of replacing their air-cooled, rear-engined Type 2 vans with a front-engined, water-cooled design. The reasons for deciding in 1980 to instead introduce a new rear-engined Type 2 (T3)/Vanagon are unclear. Thus, the introduction of a front-engined layout was delayed until the arrival of the T4

After a production run of nearly 14 years, T4 production ceased in 2003, making it second only to the T1 for length of production in its home market.

Variants

Body types

Volkswagen Transporter (T4; Australia) - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Transporter (T4; Australia)
Volkswagen Multivan (T4) facelift - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Multivan (T4) facelift

The T4 was produced in five basic body types: Panel Van (without any windows behind the b-pillar), Kombi Van or Half-Panel (with windows between the b and c-pillars), Multivan (with windows all round), Westfalia (a VW-produced campervan) and either a single or double cab (Doka, deriving from German: Doppelkabine) — with a pick-up style platform behind it.

They were two standard wheelbases available; "short" (2,920 mm or 115 in) and "long" (3,320 mm or 131 in) and a variety of different roof heights, including a pop-top roof for campers.

Long and short-nose

There was one major facelift to the T4, in 1996, when a re-shaped, longer front end was introduced. This was needed to fit the six-cylinder VR6 engine into the T4's engine bay. Initially, only Caravelles and Multivans were available with the longer nose, since these were the only models available with the VR6 engine.

The commercial variants continued to be produced with the shorter nose until 1999. However, campers and other specialist vehicles produced between 1994 and 1999 may have either the short or the long nose, depending on which model was used as the base vehicle. In keeping with the Type 2's naming convention, the short and long-nose versions are also informally known as T4a and T4b, respectively.

Engines

A 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 2.5 litre inline five-cylinder petrol engine mounted in a 1995 European specification Volkswagen Caravelle T4 - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
A 110 PS (81 kW; 110 hp) 2.5 litre inline five-cylinder petrol engine mounted in a 1995 European specification Volkswagen Caravelle T4

Petrol engines

Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Years
1.8 PD inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,781 cc (108.7 cu in) 67 PS (49 kW; 66 bhp) @ 4,000 140 N·m (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–1992
2.0 AAC inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 84 PS (62 kW; 83 bhp) @ 4,300 159 N·m (117 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–2003
2.5 AAF; ACU inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 112 PS (82 kW; 110 bhp) @ 4,500 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–1997
2.5 AET; APL; AVT inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp) @ 4,500 200 N·m (148 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1997–2003
2.8 VR6 AES VR6 DOHC 12v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) @ 4,500 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 1996–2000
2.8 V6 AMV, AXK VR6 DOHC 24v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 204 PS (150 kW; 201 bhp) @ 6,200 245 N·m (181 lbf·ft) @ 2,500 2000–2003

Diesel engines

Indirect injection
Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Years
1.9 D 1X inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 61 PS (45 kW; 60 bhp) @ 3,700 127 N·m (94 lbf·ft) @ 1,700 1990–1995
1.9 TD ABL inline 4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 68 PS (50 kW; 67 bhp) @ 3,700 140 N·m (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-3,000 1993–2003
2.4 D AJA inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 bhp) @ 3,700 160 N·m (118 lbf·ft) @ 1,900-2,900 1997–2003
2.4 D AAB inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 78 PS (57 kW; 77 bhp) @ 3,700 164 N·m (121 lbf·ft) @ 1,800 1990–1998
Turbocharged Direct Injection
Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Compression Ratio Years
2.5 TDI AJT; AYY inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 88 PS (65 kW; 87 bhp) @ 3,700 195 N·m (144 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-2,600 19,5 1998–2003
2.5 TDI ACV; AUF; AYC; AXL inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 102 PS (75 kW; 101 bhp) @ 3,500 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft) @ 1,900-2,300 19,5 1995–2003
2.5 TDI AHY; AXG inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 151 PS (111 kW; 149 bhp) @ 4,000 295 N·m (218 lbf·ft) @ 1,900 1998–2003

Campervans

The T4 is a very popular base for building a small to medium-sized camper and day-vans, both as self-build projects and for professional conversions. Volkswagen themselves also sold campervan versions of the T4, made by and named after their contractor, Westfalia-Werke.

Enthusiasts' groups

Due largely to its versatility, as well as popularity as a campervan, the Volkswagen Transporter (including the T4) has an extensive following amongst enthusiasts. Meetings are held regularly throughout the year in countries across Europe and there are several Internet forums dedicated to T4 owners and enthusiasts.

In May 2010, the German enthusiasts of the T4 held a celebration of the 20th anniversary of the production of the first T4. Several hundred T4s took part with vans from as far afield as Russia, France, Spain, central Europe and the Nordic countries.

T4 in North America (Eurovan)

Volkswagen Eurovan (US) - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Eurovan (US)
1998-2003 Volkswagen Eurovan (US) - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
1998-2003 Volkswagen Eurovan (US)
Volkswagen Eurovan VR6 Rialta - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Eurovan VR6 Rialta

The Transporter T4 was exported to North America from 1992 until 2003 under the moniker Eurovan. In the US, the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder passenger models (CL, GL, GLS, and MV) were only sold for model year 1993. Smaller than a standard American delivery van, but larger than an American or Japanese passenger minivan, Volkswagen played up its size with the slogan, "EuroVan: There's nothing mini about it". VW only imported them to the US for one year because sales in the US were disappointing, but sales continued in Canada and Mexico. VW imported the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder gas engine passenger models (CL, GL, GLS, MV Weekender and Westfalia Camperised) to Canada from 1991 to 1996. The 77 hp 2,4L diesel engine was optional in Canada between 1993 to 1996. The long wheelbase version was also on offer in 1992 only as a 10 seaters CL or GL model trim. Combi and crewcab pick-up versions (sold as Transporter) were also available in 1992. A panel version (long wb only) was sold from 1993 to 1997. VW reintroduced the Eurovan passenger models in the US for model year 1999 with a VR6 engine as standard, and discontinued it again with worldwide T4s after 2003. The manual transmission was not offered in North America with the VR6 engine.

The Eurovan Camper by Winnebago was introduced in the US and Canada in 1995 with the five-cylinder engine, and was upgraded to the VR6 for the 1997-2003 models. These were only available on the longer 3,320 mm (131 in) wheelbase T4. These small pop top camper vans are unique in North America and have developed a cult following.

Winnebago also built three small Class C motorhomes with the forward cab of the T4/Eurovan called the Rialta, Vista, and Sunstar(Itasca branded). The Rialta was available in 1995-1996 with the five-cylinder engine, in 1997-2001 with the AES version of the VR6, and in 2002-2005 with the AXK engine. The Vista and Sunstar were only produced in 2002-2004, all using the AXK engine.

In the U.S., the models were:

  • the seven-seat Eurovan CL,GL, and GLS
  • the Eurovan MV, in which the second row of seats face the rear and are removable, the third row converts into a bed, a folding table in the passenger area, window curtains, and a fluorescent lamp above table.
  • the Eurovan MV Weekender, an MV plus a Westfalia conversion that adds a pop-top roof, a second overhead bed, bug screens for side windows and rear hatch, full set of curtains, auxiliary battery, fluorescent interior lights and under seat thermoelectric cooler.
  • the Eurovan Camper, which is the long wheelbase commercial van converted by Winnebago Industries to include a pop-top roof, two two-person beds, seating for four (plus optional single or two-person center seats), a one cubic foot refrigerator that runs on propane, DC, or AC, a propane furnace, a closet, cabinets, sink with cold water and a gray water tank, a two-burner propane stove, two two-person dinette tables, coach battery, house lighting, and the two front bucket seats made to swivel around to face the dinette/kitchen area. The 2000 EVC is 17 feet long (5,189 mm.)

See also

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