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Volkswagen Transporter (T4) | QuickiWiki

Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

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Overview

Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Overview
Manufacturer Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles
Also called Volkswagen Eurovan (North America)
Volkswagen Caravelle
Production 1990–2003
Assembly Hannover, Germany
Poznań, Poland
Jakarta, Indonesia (Garuda Mataram Motor)
Taoyuan, Taiwan
Shah Alam, Malaysia
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle (M)
Body style 4-door van
5-door van
6-door van
2-door pickup platform
3-door pickup platform
4-door pickup platform
4-door campervan
Layout Transverse front engine, front-wheel drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Volkswagen Group T4 platform
Powertrain
Transmission 5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,920 mm (115.0 in) (swb)
3,320 mm (130.7 in) (lwb)
Length 4,707 mm (185.3 in) (swb)
5,107 mm (201.1 in) (lwb)
Width 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Height 1,940 mm (76.4 in) (normal roof)
2,430 mm (95.7 in) (high roof)
Chronology
Predecessor Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)
Successor Volkswagen Transporter (T5)


TimelineBETA

Thanks 1980
The reasons for deciding in 1980 to instead introduce a new rear-engined T3 are unclear.
Thanks 1990
Introduced in 1990, the T4 was the first Volkswagen van to have a front-mounted, water-cooled engine.
Thanks 1992
The long wheelbase version was also on offer in 1992 only as a 10 seaters CL or GL model trim.
Thanks 1995
The Rialta was available in 1995-1996 with the five-cylinder engine, in 1997-2001 with the AES version of the VR6, and in 2002-2005 with the AXK engine.
Thanks 1996
There was one major facelift to the T4, in 1996, when a re-shaped, longer front end was introduced.
Thanks 2002
The Vista and Sunstar were only produced in 2002-2004, all using the AXK engine.
Thanks 2003
After a run of nearly 14 years, T4 production ceased in 2003, making it second only to the T1 for length of production in its home market.
Thanks 2010
May: The German enthusiasts of the T4 held a celebration of the 20th anniversary of the production of the first T4.

Videos

History

Introduced in 1990, the T4 was the first Volkswagen van to have a front-mounted, water-cooled engine. Prompted by the success of similar moves with their passenger cars, Volkswagen had toyed in the late 1970s with the idea of replacing their air-cooled, rear-engined T2 vans with a front-engined, water-cooled design. The reasons for deciding in 1980 to instead introduce a new rear-engined T3 are unclear. Thus, the introduction of a front-engined layout was delayed until the arrival of the T4. After a run of nearly 14 years, T4 production ceased in 2003, making it second only to the T1 for length of production in its home market.

Chassis

LWB short-nosed Panel Van - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
LWB short-nosed Panel Van
SWB short-nosed Kombi van - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
SWB short-nosed Kombi van
SWB long-nosed Multivan - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
SWB long-nosed Multivan
LWB short-nosed Double cab Pickup (aka Doka) - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
LWB short-nosed Double cab Pickup (aka Doka)

Part of the success of the T4 was its versatility. It was available in many forms and sizes as standard and formed the basis of many specialist vehicles, from buses to campervans to ambulances.

Wheelbase

Two standard wheelbases were available; "short" (2920mm) and "long" (3320mm).

Body types

Van

  • Panel Van - without any windows behind the b-pillar; single row of seats
  • Kombi or Half-Panel - with additional windows between the b and c-pillars; 2 rows of seats
  • Caravelle or Multivan - with windows all round; 3 rows of seats (Known as the Eurovan in the US)

Pickup

  • Single cab - based on a SWB chassis
  • Double cab - based on a LWB chassis (aka Doka, from the German: Doppelkabine)

Roofs

Panel vans were available with two different roof heights; standard (1940mm) and high-top (2430mm). High-tops were only manufactured on the LWB chassis, although campervan conversions often have pop-top or (usually fibreglass) high-tops added to both SWB and LWB chassis.

Doors

Vans have either a single, roof-hinged "tailgate" or two "barn" doors at the rear and either a single (passenger side) or twin (both sides) sliding doors.

Long and short-nose

There was one major facelift to the T4, in 1996, when a re-shaped, longer front end was introduced. This was needed to fit the six-cylinder VR6 engine into the T4's engine bay. Initially, only Caravelles and Multivans were available with the longer nose, since these were the only models available with the VR6 engine.

The commercial variants continued to be produced with the shorter nose until 1999. However, campers and other specialist vehicles produced between 1994 and 1999 may have either the short or the long nose, depending on which model was used as the base vehicle. In keeping with the Type 2's naming convention, the short and long-nose versions are also informally known as T4a and T4b, respectively.

Four Wheel Drive (Syncro)

The T4 was also available with a permanent 4WD system that uses a Viscous coupling unit as a centre differential to regulate the distribution of torque to the rear axle. These models are called "syncro" and were available with the 2.4D, 2.5Tdi and 2.5 petrol engines on all body types and both wheelbases. Some syncro models also have a mechanically locking rear differential. Since the rear differential precludes the placement of the spare wheel in the usual place under the body, syncro vans either store it inside the body or on an external, hinged bracket.

Campervans

The T4 is a very popular base for building a small to medium-sized camper and day-vans, both as self-build projects and for professional conversions. Volkswagen themselves also sold campervan versions of the T4, made by and named after their contractor, Westfalia-Werke.

Engines

Petrol engines

Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Years
1.8 PD inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,781 cc (108.7 cu in) 67 PS (49 kW; 66 bhp) @ 4,000 140 N·m (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–1992
2.0 AAC inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 84 PS (62 kW; 83 bhp) @ 4,300 159 N·m (117 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–2003
2.5 AAF; ACU inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 112 PS (82 kW; 110 bhp) @ 4,500 190 N·m (140 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1990–1997
2.5 AET; APL; AVT inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp) @ 4,500 200 N·m (148 lbf·ft) @ 2,200 1997–2003
2.8 VR6 AES VR6 DOHC 12v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) @ 4,500 240 N·m (177 lbf·ft) @ 3,000 1996–2000
2.8 V6 AMV, AXK VR6 DOHC 24v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 204 PS (150 kW; 201 bhp) @ 6,200 245 N·m (181 lbf·ft) @ 2,500 2000–2003

Diesel engines

Indirect injection
Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Years
1.9 D 1X inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 61 PS (45 kW; 60 bhp) @ 3,700 127 N·m (94 lbf·ft) @ 1,700 1990–1995
1.9 TD ABL inline 4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 68 PS (50 kW; 67 bhp) @ 3,700 140 N·m (103 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-3,000 1993–2003
2.4 D AJA inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 bhp) @ 3,700 160 N·m (118 lbf·ft) @ 1,900-2,900 1997–2003
2.4 D AAB inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 78 PS (57 kW; 77 bhp) @ 3,700 164 N·m (121 lbf·ft) @ 1,800 1990–1998
Turbocharged Direct Injection
Model Engine ID code Engine configuration Engine displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Compression Ratio Years
2.5 TDI AJT; AYY inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 88 PS (65 kW; 87 bhp) @ 3,700 195 N·m (144 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-2,600 19,5 1998–2003
2.5 TDI ACV; AUF; AYC; AXL inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 102 PS (75 kW; 101 bhp) @ 3,500 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft) @ 1,900-2,300 19,5 1995–2003
2.5 TDI AHY; AXG inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 151 PS (111 kW; 149 bhp) @ 4,000 295 N·m (218 lbf·ft) @ 1,900-3000 19,0 1998–2003

Enthusiasts' groups

Due largely to its versatility, as well as popularity as a campervan, the Volkswagen Transporter (including the T4) has an extensive following amongst enthusiasts. Meetings are held regularly throughout the year in countries across Europe and there are several Internet forums dedicated to T4 owners and enthusiasts.

In May 2010, the German enthusiasts of the T4 held a celebration of the 20th anniversary of the production of the first T4. Several hundred T4s took part with vans from as far afield as Russia, France, Spain, central Europe and the Nordic countries.

T4 in North America (Eurovan)

Volkswagen Eurovan (US) - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Eurovan (US)
Volkswagen Eurovan VR6 Rialta - Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Eurovan VR6 Rialta

The Transporter T4 was exported to North America from 1992 until 2003 under the moniker Eurovan.

In the US, the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder passenger models (CL, GL, GLS, and MV) were only sold for model year 1993. Smaller than a standard American delivery van, but larger than an American or Japanese passenger minivan, Volkswagen played up its size with the slogan, "EuroVan: There's nothing mini about it". VW only imported them to the US for one year because sales in the US were disappointing, but sales continued in Canada and Mexico. VW reintroduced the Eurovan passenger models in the US for model year 1999 with a VR6 engine as standard, and discontinued it again with worldwide T4s after 2003. The manual transmission was not offered in North America with the VR6 engine.

VW imported the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder gas engine passenger models (CL, GL, GLS, MV Weekender and Westfalia Camperised) to Canada from 1991 to 1996. The 77 hp 2,4L diesel engine was optional in Canada between 1993 to 1996. The long wheelbase version was also on offer in 1992 only as a 10 seaters CL or GL model trim. Combi and crewcab pick-up versions (sold as Transporter) were also available in 1992. A panel version (long wb only) was sold from 1993 to 1997.

The Eurovan Camper by Winnebago was introduced in the US and Canada in 1995 with the five-cylinder engine, and was upgraded to the VR6 for the 1997-2003 models. These were only available on the longer 3,320 mm (131 in) wheelbase T4. These small pop top camper vans are unique in North America and have developed a cult following.

Winnebago also built three small Class C motorhomes with the forward cab of the T4/Eurovan called the Rialta, Vista, and Sunstar(Itasca branded). The Rialta was available in 1995-1996 with the five-cylinder engine, in 1997-2001 with the AES version of the VR6, and in 2002-2005 with the AXK engine. The Vista and Sunstar were only produced in 2002-2004, all using the AXK engine.

In the U.S., the models were:

  • the seven-seat Eurovan CL,GL, and GLS
  • the Eurovan MV, in which the second row of seats face the rear and are removable, the third row converts into a bed, a folding table in the passenger area, window curtains, and a fluorescent lamp above table.
  • the Eurovan MV Weekender, an MV plus a Westfalia conversion that adds a pop-top roof, a second overhead bed, bug screens for side windows and rear hatch, full set of curtains, auxiliary battery, fluorescent interior lights and under seat thermoelectric cooler.
  • the Eurovan Camper, which is the long wheelbase commercial van converted by Winnebago Industries to include a pop-top roof, two two-person beds, seating for four (plus optional single or two-person center seats), a one cubic foot refrigerator that runs on propane, DC, or AC, a propane furnace, a closet, cabinets, sink with cold water and a gray water tank, a two-burner propane stove, two two-person dinette tables, coach battery, house lighting, and the two front bucket seats made to swivel around to face the dinette/kitchen area. The 2000 EVC is 17 feet long (5,189 mm.)

See also

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