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Vietnam People's Navy | QuickiWiki

Vietnam People's Navy

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Overview

Vietnam People's Navy
Hải quân nhân dân Việt Nam
Active 1955–present
Country  Vietnam
Branch

Main branches

  • Surface Ships
  • Naval Marine Corps
  • Naval Air Forces
  • Coastal Defense Missiles
  • Submarines
Size 45,000 officers and sailors
66 surface ships and submarines
Part of Vietnam People's Army
Headquarters Hai Phong, Vietnam
Motto Đảo là nhà, Biển cả là quê hương (Island is home, Sea is country)
Color          Purple, White
March Lướt sóng ra khơi (Surfing to the sea)
Anniversaries May 07, 1955
Engagements Vietnam War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
Johnson South Reef Skirmish
Decorations Vietnam Hero ribbon.png Vietnam Hero of Labor ribbon.png Vietnam Gold Star ribbon.png Vietnam Hochiminh Order ribbon.png Vietnam Independence Order ribbon.png Vietnam Military Exploit Order ribbon.png Vietnam Labor Order ribbon.png Vietnam Feat Order ribbon.png
Battle honours Gulf of Tonkin incident
Battle of Đồng Hới
Commanders
Commander Admiral Nguyễn Văn Hiến
Political Commissar Vice Admiral Tran Thanh Huyen
Chief of Staff Vice Admiral Pham Ngoc Minh
Vice Commander Vice Admiral Nguyễn Viết Nhiên
Vice Admiral Nguyễn Văn Ninh
Rear Admiral Lê Minh Thành
Insignia
Naval Flag Ensign of Vietnam People's Navy.png
Naval Ensign Flag of Vietnam.svg
Emblem Anchor Navy.jpg
Awards Hero of the People's Armed ForcesHero of Labor (Vietnam)Gold Star Order (Vietnam)Gold Star Order (Vietnam)Ho Chi Minh OrderOrder of IndependenceMilitary Exploit OrderLabor OrderFeat Order
Aircraft flown
Attack Ka-27
Patrol C-212, DHC-6, EC225


Vietnam People's Navy insignia - Vietnam People's Navy
Vietnam People's Navy insignia

The Vietnam People's Navy (commonly, Vietnamese NavyVietnamese: Hải quân nhân dân Việt Nam) is part of the Vietnam People's Army and is responsible for the protection of national waters, islands, and interests of the maritime economy, as well as for the coordination of maritime police, customs service and the border defense force.

History

Early period

From the beginning of Vietnam in the 1st millennium BC, the Hùng Vuong period spawned many legends of fighting against seaborne invasions of Quynh Chau from the north and Ho Ton from the south. In the Kingdom of Âu Lạc era, when the Cổ Loa Citadel was constructed, King An Dương Vương relied on the Hoang Giang River as a natural fortification to protect the south flank of the cidatel. In the 6th century, Emperor Lý Nam Đế built naval forces to fend off the invasion of Liang Dynasty's forces in the Tô Lịch River, Dien Triet lake; and then, King Triệu Quang Phục executed guerrilla tactics on Chinese military at Da Trach lagoon (Khoái Châu, Hải Dương nowadays).[1]

In the 10th century, the national Vietnamese Navy became a regularized force. Naval forces of Khúc Thừa Dụ in Hong Chau (now is Ninh Giang District, Hải Dương), Dương Đình Nghệ in Ai Chau, Thanh Hóa and King Ngô Quyền were raised by enlisting and training the fishermen along rivers and seasides. Those elements became well-trained and experienced naval forces, ready to protect the country.

Dynasties period

Model of 17th century gunboat - Vietnam People's Navy
Model of 17th century gunboat

In Trần Dynasty era, the dynasties were occupied with raising naval forces and naval bases. Particularly, the Vân Đồn port has an important role in protecting the northeast territorial waters of Vietnam. In 1075 Lý Thường Kiệt mobilized a fleet to ferry 50,000 marines across the Gulf of Tonkin to invade Qinzhou. The amphibious assault was well planned and executed with incredible speed that Qinzhou's garrison was totally taken by surprise. The fortress town was taken in one night.

To retaliate, Song dynasty mustered a huge invasion force, with a naval arm to provide supports to land operations. They were already fearful of Vietnam's reputation at sea combat, thus a large enough force was organize so as to "not lose even if they can't score a win". Lý Kế Nguyên- a Vietnamese commander stationed in Vân Đồn, Quảng Ninh however had absolute confidence in his fleet that he went on the offensive and took on the Chinese invasion fleet at high sea. Lý defeated the Chinese so badly that their admiral sent messengers to urge Chinese coastal guards to fortify their post in fear of a reverse-invasion.

In 1077, the Imperial Vietnamese Navy fought the Battle of Cầu River against the Chinese Song Dynasty forces. This was the final battle Song Dynasty would fight on Vietnamese land or waters. The battle lasted for several months, and ended with the victory of the Vietnamese Navy and the loss of many Song sailors. This victory demonstrated the successful tactics of war and active defense of the famous Admiral Lý Thường Kiệt who faced a naval force numerically superior to his own.[2] The Song Dynasty lost a total of 8,000 soldiers/sailors and 5,19 million ounces of silver, including all costs of the war.[3]

The largest battles (officially recorded in history) were three naval encounters (all three are called Battle of Bạch Đằng): Ngô Quyền against the Chinese Southern Han forces in 938 (killed over 10,000 and captured hundreds of Chinese sailors, killed Chinese Prince Liu Hongcao);[4] Lê Hoàn against Song Dynasty in 981; and Trần Quốc Tuấn against Yuan Dynasty (Mongol) in 1288 (over 80,000 Yuan Mongol sailors killed or captured, more than 400 Yuan ships destroyed, Mongol Commander Sogetu perished, and Yuan Admiral Omar captured).[5]

The Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư records that in 1467 in An Bang province of Đại Việt (now Quảng Ninh Province) a Chinese ship blew off course onto the shore. The Chinese were detained and not allowed to return to China as ordered by Lê Thánh Tông.[6][7][8][9][10] This incident may be the same one where Wu Rui was captured.[11] One of the renown victories in Vietnamese Naval history was the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút in Tây Sơn Dynasty, during which Nguyễn Huệ (Emperor Quang Trung) defeated the Siamese (Thai) naval force. The battle occurred in present-day Tiền Giang Province on January 19, 1785. Nguyễn Huệ's forces completely destroyed over 50,000 Siamese sailors and 300 warships.[12]

Model of warship used by Nguyễn Huệ in the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút - Vietnam People's Navy
Model of warship used by Nguyễn Huệ in the Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút

In the Nguyễn Dynasty period, 19th century Emperor Gia Long used his new base to improve the Vietnamese Navy. Gia Long had first attempted to acquire modern naval vessels in 1781, when on the advice of Pigneau de Behaine, he had chartered Portuguese vessels of European design, complete with crew and artillery. This initial experience proved to be disastrous. For reasons that remain unclear, two of the vessels fled in the midst of battle against the Tây Sơn, while angry Vietnamese soldiers killed the third crew.

In 1789, Pigneau de Behaine returned to Vietnam from Pondicherry with two vessels, which stayed in the Nguyễn Dynasty service long-term. Over time, Vietnamese sailors replaced the original French and Indian crew under the command of French officers. These vessels became the foundation for an expanded military and merchant Nguyễn Dynasty naval force, with Gia Long chartering and purchasing more European vessels to reinforce Vietnamese-built ships. However, traditional Vietnamese-style galleys and small sailing ships remained the majority of the fleet. In 1799, a British trader by the name of Berry reported that the Nguyễn Dynasty's fleet had departed Saigon along the Saigon River with 100 galleys, 40 junks, 200 smaller boats and 800 carriers, accompanied by three European sloops.[13] In 1801, one naval division was reported to have included nine European vessels armed with 60 guns, five vessels with 50 guns, 40 with 16 guns, 100 junks, 119 galleys and 365 smaller boats.[13][14]

French ships invaded Saigon with the brig L'Esperance that was sunk in 1861 by Nguyễn Trung Trực's naval forces - Vietnam People's Navy
French ships invaded Saigon with the brig L'Esperance that was sunk in 1861 by Nguyễn Trung Trực's naval forces

In the middle of the 19th century, the Vietnamese Navy fought against the French in many battles. Due to disadvantages in technology, the Vietnamese Navy could not defeat the French Navy, but there were still several battles during which the Vietnamese Navy caused heavy damages to the French. The Vietnamese were especially successful in the Battle of Nhat Tao canal held by Nguyễn Trung Trực on December 10, 1861. Nguyen Trung Truc's naval forces ambushed the French brig L'Esperance at the Vam Co River, Mekong Delta. Truc's 150 men were grouped into three columns. The first group of 61 sailors under Hoang Khac Nhuong was to attack a nearby pro-French village in order to provoke an incident and lure the French forces into an ambush. Truc commanded the second group of 59 partisans along with Vo Van Quang, and was assigned to burn and sink the vessel. A third force of 30 sailors was commanded by Ho Quang and Nguyen Van Hoc.[15] Due to the surprise attack, the French Navy suffered major damage: the brig L'Esperance was sunk, 17 French sailors and 20 pro-Vietnamese naval auxiliaries were killed, only eight people escaped, including two French sailors and six sailors of Tagal (Filipino) background employed by the French.

Vietnam War period

Further information: Republic of Vietnam Navy
A North Vietnamese P-4 engaging USS Maddox in Gulf of Tonkin incident 1964 - Vietnam People's Navy
A North Vietnamese P-4 engaging USS Maddox in Gulf of Tonkin incident 1964

On July 19, 1946, Acting President of Democratic Republic of Vietnam Huỳnh Thúc Kháng signed into law a decree establishing the modern Vietnamese Navy. Then, on September 10 of that year, General Võ Nguyên Giáp started to build a flotilla as the core of the new navy. On March 8, 1949, Vietnam established the Department of Naval Research under the General Staff. This department has performed both research and training to prepare for combat missions.

Following the Geneva Conference in 1954, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam went about creating its own naval forces. On May 7, 1955 the Vietnam People's Navy was created with the establishment of the General Directorate of Coastal Defence, it formed the basis for the Navy Operational Command (based on the Vietnamese Ministry of Defence decree No. 284/ND signed by General Võ Nguyên Giáp to established Naval Research Board, under the General Staff, on March 8, 1949). The primary mission of the Navy was to patrol the coastal areas and the inland waterways.

Throughout the Vietnam War the role played by the Vietnam People's Navy (or North Vietnamese Navy) was largely unknown to the public. However on August 2, 1964, three North Vietnamese Swatow-class patrol boats attacked the USS Maddox in what became known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The second attack, which the United States claimed to have occurred on August 4, was dismissed by the North Vietnamese as a fabrication.

The North Vietnamese, however, had maintained their own version of the events which took place. According to official VPN accounts the Maddox penetrated North Vietnamese waters on July 31, 1964, and provoked a battle with the North Vietnamese. In response to American provocation, three 123K class torpedo boats from the 135th Torpedo Boat Battalion were dispatched to intercept the American destroyer. The resulting clash became known as the 'Battle of Thanh Hóa' in which North Vietnamese "torpedo boats succeeded in driving the Maddox out of Vietnam's territorial waters, shooting down a U.S. aircraft and damaging another".

Apart from patrolling territorial waters, the Navy also had the mission of transporting military supplies to support the Vietnam People's Army and their NLF ally during the Vietnam War. On October 31, 1961, a sea route version of the Ho Chi Minh trail was established by the North Vietnam Navy, with the 759th Transport Unit responsible for carrying military supplies and other goods for the Communist ground forces in South Vietnam. In order to avoid detection by the South Vietnamese and U.S navies, North Vietnamese transport ships were often disguised as fishing trawlers. On February 16, 1965, a 100-ton North Vietnamese trawler from the Transportation Group 125 was discovered at Vung Ro Bay. This led to the creation of Operation Market Time by the US Navy to intercept disguised enemy ships.

On April 19, 1972, the North Vietnamese Navy and Air Force participated in the Battle of Đồng Hới off the coast of North Vietnam. During this battle it was believed that the U.S Navy destroyed a Soviet-made cruise missile for the first time. The USS Higbee was damaged after an VPAF MiG-17 dropped a 250 lb (110 kg) bomb, destroying a 5" aft gun mount.

In the years following the complete withdrawal of U.S and other allied forces, the North Vietnamese went back on the offensive. As part of the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, the North Vietnamese Navy increased the transportation of military supplies, food and uniform to the Communist forces in the South. When the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) occupied the northern provinces of South Vietnam in 1975, captured South Vietnamese vessels were pressed into service with the Vietnam People's Navy. On April 1975, ex-South Vietnamese Navy vessels carried North Vietnamese troops to capture the Spratly Islands. Opening battle in the island Southwest Cay (vietnamese: Song Tử tây) in April 4, 1975, amphibious raid by sea of the Naval Marine corp number 1 (precursor of the 126th Brigade Naval Marine corps) and three vessels of the 125 corps coordinated with the commandos of the 5th Military Region, after 30 minutes, Vietnamese Navy controlled the main battle area, facilitating the solution development process release of the other islands.[16] Then, Vietnamese Navy continue control Sand Cay island (April 26), Namyit Island (April 27), Sin Cowe Island (April 28) and Spratly Island (April 29).[17] At around the same time the Chinese Navy took over control of the Paracel Islands from the South Vietnamese Navy. These islands are also claimed by Vietnam, however they have no current presence there.

VPN's Naval Infantry in Spratly Islands - Vietnam People's Navy
VPN's Naval Infantry in Spratly Islands

Prior to 1975, the North Vietnamese Navy operated fewer than forty patrol boats along with the coastal junk force. With the collapse of the Republic of Vietnam on April 30, 1975, the Vietnam People's Navy was expanded with ships from the defunct South Vietnamese Navy. Captured vessels included two patrol frigates, over one hundred patrol craft, and about fifty amphibious warfare ships. In the late 1970s the naval infantry (or marines) was formed to be stationed on the areas claimed by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in the Spratly Islands. The naval infantry is equipped with PT-76 light tanks, BTR-60 personnel carriers and naval infantrymen are armed with AK-74 rifle, AKM-47 assault rifles, Makarov PM pistol (Officers), and PKM machinegun infantry weapons, and more.

In 1988, Vietnam People's Navy fought against the Chinese Navy at Johnson Reef of sovereignty of the Spratly Islands, causing the losses to the Vietnamese of several transport ships and up to 64 deaths. The battle was won by the Chinese Navy who outgunned and outnumbered them, using a fleet of frigates against Vietnamese lightly armed transport ships. This prompted the Vietnamese Navy to modernize its naval weapons and its overall naval capabilities.

Organizational structure

VPN's Naval regions - Vietnam People's Navy
VPN's Naval regions

Service branches

Surface Ships Naval Commando Marine Corps Naval Air Forces Coastal Defense Missiles Submarines
Anchor Navy.jpg
Vietnam Infantry symbol.jpg
Navy Marine anchor.jpg
Air Force wings.jpg
Missile Force.jpg
Anchor Navy.jpg

Ranks in Vietnam People's Navy

Vietnam People's Army
Vietnam People's Army signal.jpg
Flag of Viet Nam Peoples Army.svg
Ministry of Defence
Command
Vietnam People's Army General Staff insignia.jpgGeneral Staff
Services
Vietnam People's Army insignia.png Ground Force
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia.png Air Force
Vietnam People's Navy insignia.png Navy
Vietnam Border Defense Force insignia.jpg Border Guard
Vietnam Marine Police insignia.jpg Coast Guard
Ranks of the Vietnamese Military
Ground Force ranks and insignia
Air Force ranks and insignia
Navy ranks and insignia
Border Guard ranks and insignia
Coast Guard ranks and insignia
History of the Vietnamese Military
History of Vietnamese military ranks
Military history of Vietnam

In the Vietnam People's Navy system has no ranks of Fleet Admiral. Vietnam People's Navy ranks are divided into four basic steps: Commissioned Officer, Non-commissioned Officer, and Soldiers/Seamen. Officer ranks use the executive curl on the sleeves of their service and full dress blue uniforms, similar to those used in various navies worldwide.

Level Ranks Translation Insignia Lapel Sleeve
Flag Officers Đô đốc Admiral
Vietnam People's Navy Admiral.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Generic-Navy-O12-sleeve.svg
Phó Đô đốc Vice Admiral
Vietnam People's Navy Vice Admiral.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Generic-Navy-O11-sleeve.svg
Chuẩn Đô đốc Rear Admiral
Vietnam People's Navy Rear Admiral.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Generic-Navy-O10-sleeve.svg
Senior Officers Đại tá Commodore
Vietnam People's Navy Commodorel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O9-sleeve.svg
Thượng tá Captain
Vietnam People's Navy Senior Commander.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
EgyptianNavyInsignia-Commodore-sleeve.svg
Trung tá Commander
Vietnam People's Navy Commander.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O7-sleeve.svg
Thiếu tá Lieutenant Commander
Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant Commander.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O5-sleeve.svg
Junior Officers Đại úy Captain Lieutenant
Vietnam People's Navy Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O4-sleeve.svg
Thượng úy Lieutenant
Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O3-sleeve.svg
Trung úy Sub-lieutenant
Vietnam People's Navy SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O2-sleeve.svg
Thiếu úy Ensign
Vietnam People's Navy Ensign.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Generic-Navy-O1-sleeve.svg
Petty Officers Thượng sĩ Master Chief Petty Officer
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant major.png
None None
Trung sĩ Chief Petty Officer
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant.png
None None
Hạ sĩ Petty Officer
Vietnam People's Navy Corporal.png
None None
Seamen Binh nhất Seaman
Vietnam People's Navy private first class.png
None None
Binh nhì Seaman Recruit
Vietnam People's Navy Private second class.png
None None
Naval Cadets (Midshipmen) Học viên Sĩ quân Hải quân Naval Student Officer
Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
None None

Modernization

Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) the Honorable Ray Mabus speaks with Vietnam People's Navy Commander Admiral Nguyễn Văn Hiến in November 26, 2010 - Vietnam People's Navy
Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) the Honorable Ray Mabus speaks with Vietnam People's Navy Commander Admiral Nguyễn Văn Hiến in November 26, 2010
VPN's honor guard at ASEAN defense ministers meeting, 2010 - Vietnam People's Navy
VPN's honor guard at ASEAN defense ministers meeting, 2010
US Navy Lt.Robert Gillenwater explains to Vietnamese Naval Officers the purpose of the diver's decompression chamber, 2006 - Vietnam People's Navy
US Navy Lt.Robert Gillenwater explains to Vietnamese Naval Officers the purpose of the diver's decompression chamber, 2006

Today, the Vietnam People's Navy is responsible for protecting the nation's sovereignty and economic activities at sea, and to repulse unauthorized foreign vessels intruding into Vietnamese waters. In general, Vietnam's policy has considered the modernization of the Navy a priority task in the overall military modernization plan. The Vietnam People's Navy and the Vietnam People's Air Force are the branches with the fatest modernization rates, constantly upgrading weapons, ammunition and combat capacity, the ability to master the equipment. As stated on August 5, 2011 by Minister of Defense Phùng Quang Thanh: "The direction of building up the armed forces is one to follow the revolutionary spirit, regularization and effectiveness and gradual modernization. Within this context, the Navy, the Air Force, the Signal Corps and Electronic Warfare will proceed directly into modernization to protect the country".[19]

  • Frigates and Corvettes: Laid down two Gepard-class frigate in 2011 by Zelenodolsk shipyard-Russia, named HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang and HQ-012 Lý Thái Tổ; and two more order. Contract with Schelde Naval Shipbuilding-Netherlands to built two Sigma-class corvette.[20] Especially, Vietnam People's Navy has built itself six Tarantul-class corvette (Molniya class) with Russia supervision; besides, Vietnam People's Navy has designed and built the first warship names TT-400TP gunboat.[21]
  • Submarines: Vietnam has built the first submarine flotilla name 182 on June 1, 1982. This flotilla was trained in Cam Ranh Bay under guidance of Soviet submarine officers and used North Korea's Yugo-class submarine. In April 2011, Vietnam has ordered six Kilo-class submarine, worth about 1.8 billion dollars, the contract is said to occupy the entire defense budget of Vietnam in 2009. With six submarines, the first to be delivered in 2012 and the last one to be delivered by 2016, Vietnam will own the largest and most modern submarines team in Southeast Asia.[22]
  • Naval Air Force: Vietnam People's Navy prepared to build Naval Air Force to increase the capacity of coastal defense. On February 27, 2010, the General Staff (Vietnam People's Army) decides to build and make regular member the 954th Naval Air Force Regiment of Vietnamese Navy. Vietnam has purchased three CASA C-212 Aviocar aircraft Series 400 professional beach patrol and tracking. The aircraft equipped with radar MSS 6000 and Naval Air Force will use for general patrol purposes. Vietnamese Navy received two Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma to offshore patrol and search and rescue missions.[23] Viking Air Company of Canada has contracted to sell to Vietnam six Seaplane DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 400 from 2012 to 2014. And 7 Kamov Ka-27 helicopters will be transferred to naval air force.[24]
  • Coastal defense missile force: Vietnam People's Navy is building Coastal defense missile force (the 679th Coastal missile Regiment) become the core force in maritime security strategy by equip Russian and Indian missile systems. Vietnamese Navy has already produced itself P-5 Pyatyorka/Shaddock anti-ships missile, range upgraded to 550 km, in fact, Vietnam was the only customer that USSR export this missile system. Russia has delivered two K-300P Bastion-P coastal defense system to Vietnam. The Bastion system uses the P-800 Oniks/Yakhont supersonic anti-ship missile, primarily used to attack targets on land and sea, attack range is 300 km, can be used to protect a coastline of over 600 km.[25] Joint venture company Russia-India BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited will sold Vietnam 15 BrahMos stealth supersonic cruise missile, and become the first military in the world imports Brahmos defense missile, if compared with other types of missiles being used in the world, BrahMos missile has the advantages of speed faster 3 times, range longer 2.5 times, respond shorter time 3-4 times.[26] The Vietnamese are now starting to locally produce the anti ship missile Kh-35 Uran-E after received 33 missiles in 2010.

Fleet

Ships of the Vietnamese Navy are typically preceded with HQ (an abbreviation of the Vietnamese words: Hải Quân, meaning Navy).

Submarines (2 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity Notes Ships
KIlo-class diesel submarine being towed through the Mediterranean sea en route to Iran (12-23-1995).jpg
Improved Kilo class  Russia Submarine 2 (4) more on order/under construction[27][28][29] HQ-182 Ha Noi[30]
HQ-183 Ho Chi Minh city[31][32]
HQ-184 Hai Phong[33]
HQ-185 Da Nang[34]
HQ-186 Khánh Hòa
HQ-187 Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu[35]
Frigates (7 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity Notes Ships
HQ-011 frigate Da Nang, CC.jpg
Gepard 3.9 class  Russia Frigate 2 (2) more on order/under construction[36][37][38] HQ-011 Dinh Tien Hoang
HQ-012 Ly Thai To
Kri-diponegoro-1600-1200.jpg
Sigma class corvette  Netherlands Frigate - (2) on order/under construction.[39] The Contract is confirmed by Damen Schelde company[20][40][41]
SKRpr159(DN-SC-86-01985).jpg
Petya class  USSR ASW Frigate 5 active duty[42] HQ-09
HQ-11
HQ-13
HQ-15
HQ-17
Corvettes (11 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity In service Ships
Taratul I Viet Nam.jpg
Tarantul-I class  Russia
Almaz Shipbuilding Company
Corvette 4[43][44] active duty HQ-371
HQ-372
HQ-373
HQ-374
ORP Metalowiec in Gdynia.JPG
Molniya class  Russia
 Vietnam
Corvette 4 [45] (4) more on order/under construction.The first 2 ships are fully build by Russia while the next 6 ships will be build in Vietnam with assistance from Russia.[46][47][48] HQ-375
HQ-376
HQ-377
HQ-378
Ght.jpg BPS-500  Russia
 Vietnam
ASW Corvette 1 active duty HQ-381
Patrol vessels (22 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity In service Ships
Project 205-ER missile boat.jpg
Osa class  USSR Missile boat 8 active duty HQ-354, HQ-355, HQ-356, HQ-357, HQ-358, HQ-359, HQ-360, HQ-361
Caspian artillery boat 054.jpg
Svetlyak class  Russia Patrol 6 active duty HQ-261
HQ-263
HQ-264
HQ-265
HQ-266
HQ-267
BTK pr.206M2.jpg
Turya class  USSR Patrol 5 active duty HQ-331
HQ-332
HQ-333
HQ-334
HQ-335
TT-400TP class  Vietnam Patrol 3 active duty HQ-272
HQ-273
HQ-274
Minesweepers (8 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity In service Ships
BT-226-Kolomna1994.jpg Sonya class  USSR minesweeper 4 active duty HQ-861
HQ-862
HQ-863
HQ-864
HQ-862 HQVN.JPG Yurka class  USSR minesweeper 2 active duty HQ-851
HQ-852
Yevgenya class  USSR minesweeper 2 active duty
Transport/Logistics support ship (11 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity In service Ships
Giao su Vien si Tran Dai Nghia  Netherlands
 Vietnam
Ocean surveillance 1 active duty HQ- 888
K-122 class  Vietnam Transport/
Logistics support ship
2 active duty HQ-571 Trường Sa
HQ-561 Khánh Hòa (Hospital ship)
HQ-996 class  Vietnam Transport/
Logistics
1 active duty HQ-996
Trường Sa class  Vietnam Transport/
Logistics support ship
7 active duty Trường Sa 04, Trường Sa 08, Trường Sa 14, Trường Sa 19, Trường Sa 20, Trường Sa 21, Trường Sa 22
Amphibious warfare (6 in Service)
Photo Class Origin Type Quantity In service Notes
Tran Khanh Du HQ-501.jpg
LST-542 class  United States Amphibious warfare 1 active duty HQ-501
The Libyan Polnochny class landing ship.JPEG
Polnochny class  USSR/ Poland Amphibious warfare 3 active duty HQ-511
HQ-512
HQ-513
HQ-521 class  Vietnam Amphibious warfare 2 active duty HQ-521
HQ-522
Aircraft (12 in Service)
Photo Aircraft Origin Type Quantity In service Notes
WinAir De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter Breidenstein.jpg
DHC-6 Twin Otter  Canada
Viking Air
Patrol 3 scheduled for delivery in 2012–2014.[49][50][51][52]
Kamov Ka-27PS.JPEG
Kamov Ka-27  USSR
Kamov
ASW Helicopter 7 active duty to serve in frigates and patrol around Spratly Islands[53][54]
EUROCOPTER EC225 01.JPG
Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma  France
 Vietnam
Patrol 2 active duty
Magic Eye 01  Vietnam
 Sweden
UAV under development
Anti-ship missile/Coastal Defense Missile
Photo Missile Origin Type Quantity In service Notes
Yakhont.jpg
P-800 Oniks
(SS-N-26 Yakhont)
 Russia Coastal defense 10 launcher/
40 missiles
2 K-300P Bastion-P systems in active[55] finished negotiation, technological transferring has already started
P-500 Bazalt in Vladivostok Fortress Museum.JPG
P-5 Pyatyorka
(SS-N-3 Shaddock)
 USSR Coastal defense active duty Vietnam has already self-produced
Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch.jpg
P-15 Termit
(SS-N-2 Styx)
 USSR
MKB Raduga
Anti-ship missile/
Coastal defense
20[56] active duty/equipped in Tarantul class ships Replacing by Kh-35
Kh-35E fol maks2009.jpg
Kh-35 Uran-E
(SS-N-25 Switchblade)
 Russia
Zvezda
Anti-ship missile 103 missiles[56]
300 more on order
active duty/equipped in Molniya and Gepard class ships Vietnam has already self-produced[57]
3M-54E1.jpg
3M-54 Klub
(SS-N-27 Sizzler)
 Russia
Novator Design Bureau
Anti-ship missile 10 missiles (2012)
40 on order[58]
equipped in Kilo submarines
Exocet AM39 P1220892-detoured.jpg
Exocet  France
MBDA
Anti-ship missile equipped in Sigma class corvette[59][60]

Inshore Patrol:

  •  Vietnam 10 (+25) HQ-56 class (Stolkraft; 22.5 meter) PB with 1x20mm
  •  Vietnam 5 HQ-37 class
  •  USSR 15 Zhuk class patrol boats (Project 1400M)

Auxiliaries:

  •  USSR 1 Sorum class logistics tug (Project 745) ATA
  •  USSR 1 Voda (MTV-6/Project 561) AWT
  •  USSR 5 Nyrat-2 (Project 376U) diving tenders (YDT)
  •  Vietnam 5 floating drydocks (YFDL)
  •  USSR 5 PO-2 (Project 376) YFL
  •  United States 5 ex-US 55-meter harbor tankers (YO) - likely ex-USN YOG-5 Class Gasoline Oiler/Barge
  •  United States 5 Chaolocco tugs (YTM)
  •  United States 10 (estimated) harbor tubs (YTL) - likely ex-USN c. 1944-45 and transferred to Republic of Vietnam Navy 1969-1972

Small Arms

  •  USSR AK-74 Standard Issue Assault rifle.
  •  USSR AKM-47 Standard Issue Assault Rifle being supplemented by AK-74.
  •  USSR PKM machinegun
  •  USSR Makarov PM Standard issue pistol for all Vietnamese Military services.
  •  Israel IMI Tavor TAR-21 Marines and Special Forces Only.
  •  Israel Uzi Submachinegun Marines and Special Forces Only.
  •  Israel IMI Negev Light Machine Gun Marines and Special Forces Only.

Manpower

The current total manpower of the navy is around 50,000 officers and enlisted personnel including naval infantry [i.e. marines] and other specialised units.

See also

References

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Sources

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