|English: The State Anthem of the USSR|
|Gosudarstvenny Gimn SSSR|
National anthem of
|Lyrics||Sergey Mikhalkov, 1943 and 1977|
|Music||Alexander Alexandrov, 1938 (?)|
|Adopted||1 January 1944
1 September 1977 (modified version)
|Relinquished||26 December 1991
(as anthem of the Soviet Union)
23 November 1990
(as anthem of the Russian SFSR)
The "State Anthem of the USSR" (Russian: Государственный гимн СССР, Gosudarstvenny Gimn SSSR) was introduced during World War II on 15 March 1944, replacing The Internationale as the official national anthems of the Soviet Union and the Russian SFSR. The lyrics were written by Sergey Mikhalkov (1913–2009) in collaboration with Gabriel El-Registan (1899–1945) and the music was composed by Alexander Alexandrov (1883–1946).
The Anthem of the Soviet Union was played for the first time on the Soviet radio at midnight on 1 January 1944. The 1944 lyrics had three different refrains following three different stanzas; in each refrain, the second line was consequently modified with references to friendship, then happiness and finally to glory. Later on, in 1977, these refrains were replaced by a uniform refrain following all stanzas. Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union's war against Nazi Germany were originally invoked in the lyrics. After the process of de-Stalinization was inaugurated after Stalin's death, the lyrics referring to Stalin were considered unacceptable and the anthem was performed without lyrics until 1977, when revised lyrics without references to Stalin and the war were adopted.
Use in the Russian Federation
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian Federation adopted a new wordless anthem called Patriotic Song, although there were suggestions for adopting lyrics. As a result, a few different versions were produced. In 2000, the music of the Soviet national anthem was restored with Sergey Mikhalkov writing the new lyrics. See National Anthem of Russia.
State Union of Russia and Belarus
Also, the same music was used for a proposal of the anthem of the State Union of Russia and Belarus entitled Derzhavny Soyuz Narodov (Union of Sovereign Nations). Although never officially adopted, the lyrics of that piece were not tied to any specific nationality, and could be adopted for a broader union. However, there appears to be no plans to utilize that piece in any official role. The anthem also had official versions in the languages of every Soviet republic and in several other Soviet languages.
By the Red Army Ensemble
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- Гимн СССР (1943)
- http://www.hymn.ru/#related-to-glinka-anthem[dead link]
- "Сайт Флаг России - Музыка - Государственный гимн СССР (1944-1977) на английском языке" (in Russian). September 23, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2012.