.
Want Wikipedia to look like this?   
Click here to upgrade your Wikipedia experience
Samsung Electro-Mechanics | QuickiWiki

Samsung Electro-Mechanics

  EN

Overview

Samsung Electro-Mechanics
삼성전기
Type Public company
Korean: 삼성전기
Traded as KRX: 009150 KRX: 009155
Industry Telecommunication
Semiconductor
Electronic Component
Genre Electronics
Founded 1973
Headquarters Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
Area served Worldwide
Key people CEO: Choi Chi-Joon
Products MLCC, Printed circuit board (PCB), Power supply, Network module, Camera module, precision motor
Revenue 8,256 KRW billion won (consolidated basis) (2013)
Operating income 464 KRW billion won (2013)
Profit 345 KRW billion won(2013)
Total assets 7,185 KRW billion won(2013)
Employees 40,071(2013)
Parent Samsung Group
Website www.samsungsem.com


Samsung Logo - Samsung Electro-Mechanics
Samsung Logo

Samsung Electro-Mechanics (SEM, Korean: 삼성전기) is a multinational electronic component company headquartered in Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea It is the flagship subsidiary of the Samsung Group.

Samsung Electro-Mechanics, established in 1973 as a manufacturer of key electronic components, has become the leading electronic parts maker in Korea and a major global player, with US$6.12 billion in revenue (2011).

Samsung Electro-Mechanics consists of four divisions. The LCR (Inductance Capacitance Resistance) division includes multilayer ceramic chip capacitors and tantalum capacitors; the ACI (Advanced Circuit Interconnection) division includes high density interconnections and IC (integrated circuit) substrates; the CDS (circuit drive solution) division includes digital tuners, network modules, power modules, and ubiquitous modules; and the OMS (Opto and Mechatronics Solution) division includes image sensor modules and precision motors.

History

1973 Mar. Samsung-Sanyo Parts Co., Ltd. established (with Sanyo Electric)

Nov. Production commenced for electronic tuners, deflection yokes, flyback transformers and capacitors

1979 Feb. Listed on Korea Stock Exchange 1983 Mar. Withdrew Sanyo Electric's interest 1987 Feb. Corporate name changed to Samsung Electro-Mechanics

Jun. Stock par value increased from W500 to W5,000

1993 Jun. Production commenced in Bangpakong Thailand (tuners, deflection yokes, flyback transformers and oil capacitors) 1994 May Production commenced in Tianjin China (tuners, VTRs heads, drums, drum motors)

May Production commenced in Tijuana, Mexico (tuners, deflection yokes, flyback transformers, capacitors and speakers)

1995 Nov. Awarded a US$1B Export Tower from the Korean government 1996 Oct. Completed the 2nd factory in Dongguan, China 1998 Mar. Acquired ISO14001 certification at Dongguan, China plant

May Line No. 2 completed at Tianjin
Aug. Completed new R&D center

1999 Oct. Production commenced in Busan, Korea (MLBs, MLCCs) 2000 Feb. Production commenced in Calamba, the Philippines

Nov. Awarded a US$2B Export Tower from the Korean government

2001 May Production commenced in Gaoxin (Tianjin), China 2002 May Busan plant awarded prize for environmental protection

Nov. Awarded a grand prize in the contest of industrial precision technology

2003 Jul. Awarded a price for exemplary corporate governance (3rd straight year)

Nov. Awarded 6 Sigma innovation prize at national quality management conference

2004 May Thailand plant awarded the best enterprise prize 2006 Sep. Awarded the grand prize for providing employment to the disabled (True company grand prize)

Dec. Received Presidential commendation for assisting subcontractors

2007 Apr. Received PQS Award from Intel Corporation 2008 Aug. Members of SEM badminton team won god and silver medals at Beijing Olympics

Oct. Awarded Korea HR Management Grand Prize

2009 Apr. Completed world's first 0603 1μF MLCC

Jun. Completed world's first 3G antenna
Oct. Company added to Dow Jones Sustainability Index
Dec. "Samsung Group Award" received for MLCC performance (for taking the world's 2nd largest market share)

2010 Apr. Completed world's smallest ultra-slim tuner

May Ranked 16th on Businessweek Tech 100
Jul. Monthly MLCC output reaches 20B at Tianjin plant
Jul. Production commenced in Kunshan, China

Products

Samsung Electro-Mechanics manufactures products in a number of categories:

Printed circuit boards (PCBs)

The purpose of printed circuit boards (PCBs) is to transmit electrical signals among various electronic parts and components. Microcircuits and build-up technologies are applied to produce the class of PCB known as the high-density interconnection (HDI) board. These value-added parts enable engineers to make their finished products lighter, thinner and smaller. HDI boards are mainly found in top-end handheld devices, and Samsung Electro-Mechanics enjoys a major share of the world market for HDI boards used in mobile phones.

Package substrates The package substrate is responsible for conveying electrical signals between semiconductors and the motherboard on which they are attached. This substrate consists of much smaller circuitry than that found on conventional types. Ball grid array (BGA) is a technology that eliminates the need for wire bonding on chip packages. The flip-chip chip scale package (FC CSP) is a substrate that uses bumps to electrically connect the chip with the motherboard. The flip-chip ball grid array is a substrate for high-end semiconductor packages. The semiconductor chip and substrate are connected by flip-chip bumps, improving the electrical and thermal properties.

MLCC (multilayer ceramic capacitor)

The multilayer ceramic capacitor (MLCC) is a commonly used part in electronic products. For example, a smart phone has more than 400 MLCCs, while a tablet PC contains about 500, a laptop computer contains least 800 and an LCD TV uses over 1,300. These devices serve as a kind of dam to adjust electrical current to the specification of the product in question.

The global trend toward smaller and lighter electronics products is driving demand for MLCCs of smaller sizes with higher capacities.

Power modules (SMPS)

The power module converts externally supplied electricity to the required output voltage for electronic products.

Samsung has focused its resources on the production of power modules for displays and TVs. A segment of special note is the LED TV, which is experiencing skyrocketing demand. The company also promotes cooperation among the corporate, research and academic communities to develop technologies and next-generation devices that can ensure competitiveness going forward. Moreover, prerequisite technologies have been obtained for the switched-mode power supply (SMPS) as part of an ongoing expansion of the power module lineup.

Adapters

The adapter is an external power supply that converts the alternating current delivered by an electric cord to direct current for use. Special technologies have been applied to raise conversion efficiency and reduce thickness, making these devices well suited for use with a wide range of products, from laptop PCs and LCD TVs to game consoles and lighting.

Camera modules

The camera module has an image sensor that converts the light that enters through the lens into digital signals, which are then used to produce still pictures or video.

Samsung Electro-Mechanics is developing exceptional mobile phone camera modules with high pixel resolution, ultra-slim profile, automatic focus, zoom lens and other attractive features.

The company is also expanding its camera module business into new applications such as automobiles and home networks.

Precision motors

Samsung Electro-Mechanics's lineup of small electrical motors is evolving from the conventional stand-alone models to mechanical devices sold as system components.

The company is now developing precision motors that last longer and operate at much higher rpms, and this transition is expected to elevate market share.

Network modules

Wi-Fi Modules The Wi-Fi (a trademark) module enables personal computers, video game consoles, smartphones, tablets and other products to access the internet in real time.

Cellular modules The cellular module uses broadband frequencies to provide tablets, personal computers and M2M devices with internet connectivity.

Digital tuners The digital tuner is an essential component for the digital broadcasting industry. This front-end component is built into TVs and other broadcasting receivers to select the right signals from broadcasters so that viewers can watch their desired channels. Samsung Electro-Mechanics has integrated high-frequency technologies for digital tuners with the most advanced ceramics technologies to develop the world's smallest mobile twin (satellite/terrestrial) tuners. They operate on very low power, which is good for the environment.

Global worksite

Samsung Electro-Mechanics, which directly sells over 80 percent of its own products overseas Samsung operates production subsidiaries, R&D centers, sales subsidiaries, and offices suitable for the characteristics of the five regions of the U.S., Europe, Japan, China, and Southeast Asia. Customers can visit Samsung Electro-Mechanics, a global supplier that guarantees high-quality products, in any corner of the globe.

Domestic worksite (Korea)

H.Q. & Suwon Plant

150, Maeyoung Road, Yeongtong-Gu, Suwon City, Kyeonggi Province 443–743, Korea

Sejong Plant

25, Samsung Road, Yeondong-myeon, Sejong 339–702, Korea

Busan Plant

114, Noksansaneopjung Road, Gangseo-gu, Busan 618-270, Korea

Seoul office

21st Fl, Samsung Seocho-Tower 1320-10, Seocho 2-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-857, Korea

Overseas plant

Dongguan Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.(DSEM) Hengkeng Management Area, Liaobu Town, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province, China 523413

Tianjin Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.(TSEM) 27, Heiniucheng-Road, Tianjin, China 300210

Samsung High-Tech Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.(STEM) Xiqing Dist. Micro-Electronics Industrial Park, Jingang Highway, Tianjin, China 300385

Kunshan Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.(KSEM) 8, Yoaning Rd, Kunshan E&T Development Zone, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China 215300

Samsung Electro-Mechanics Philippines Corp.(SEMPHIL) Block No. 5, Calamba Premiere International Park, Barangay Batino, Calamba, Laguna, The Philippines

Samsung Electro-Mechanics Thailand Co., Ltd.(SEMT) Wellgrow Industrial Estate, 93 Moo 5T. Bangsamak, A. Bangpakong, Chachoengsao 24180, Thailand

Hungary Plant Samsung Electro-Mechanics Hungary branch, H-2310 Leshegy utca 2–4 Szigetszentmiklos Pest megye, Hungary

Overseas sales offices

America

  • Samsung Electro-Mechanics America, Inc. 3333 Michelson Drive Suite 500, Irvine, California, 92612, U.S.
  • São Paulo Office 04578-910 Av. Das Nações Unidas, 12901 – Torre Oeste 22 andar – Brooklin Novo São Paulo, Brasil
  • San Jose Office 85W Tasman Drive, San Jose, California, 95134 U.S.
  • Chicago Office 1870 West Winchester Blvd. Suite# 247 Libertyville, Illinois, 60048 U.S.
  • Phoenix Office 4505 E. Chandler Blvd., Suite 115, Phoenix, Arizona, 85048, U.S.
  • R&D Center (Atlanta) 30308 75 Fifth Street, NW Suite 760 Atlanta Georgria, U.S.

Europe

  • Samsung Electro-Mechanics GmbH. Samsung Haus, Am Kronberger Hang 6, 65824 Schwalbach/TS, Germany
  • London Office Samsung House 1000, Hillswood Drive, Chertsey Surrey KT16 OPS, UK
  • Istanbul Office Harman Caddesi, Polat Plaza B-Block No.4, Kat4 Levent-80640 Istanbul, Turkey
  • Helsinki Office 02601 Lars Sonckin Kaari 14 Espoo Finland

China

  • Samsung Electro-Mechanics (H.K.) Ltd. 8/F., Central Plaza, 18 Harbour Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong, China
  • Shenzhen Office46 F, New World Center, Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen, China 518026
  • Suzhou Plant Suchuan #17D Industrial Square, No.428 Xinlong Street, Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, China 215000
  • Beijing Office 24F, China Merchants Tower, No.118, Jianguo Rd., Chaoyang District, Beijing, China 100022
  • Shanghai Office Rm. 1211, Shanghai International Trade Center No.2201 Yan An (W) Rd., Shanghai, China 200335
  • Taipei Office 9F-1, No.399, Ruey Kuang Road, Neihu District, Taipei City 114, Taiwan R.O.C.

Japan

  • Samsung Japan Co., Ltd. 17th Fl., Roppongi T-Cube Building,3-1-1, Roppongi, Minato-Ku, Tokyo 106-8532, Japan
  • Osaka Office 6th Fl., Crystal Tower, 1-2-27, Shiromi Chuo-ku, Osaka 540-6006, Japan

Southeast Asia

  • Samsung Electro-Mechanics Private Limited. 3 Church Street Samsung Hub #23-02 Singapore 049483
  • Bangkok Office 23rd Floor, Lake Rajada Bldg., 193/100 Rachadapisek Road, Klongtoey, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
  • Penang Office 11700, 1-05-3A, Menara IJM Land, Lebuh Tunku Kudin 3, Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia
  • Manila Office Block No. 5, Calamba Premiere International Park, Barangay Batino, Calamba, Laguna, The Philippines
  • New Delhi Office 122009, Vipul Tech Square, 2nd Floor, Golf Course Road, Sector-43, Guragon, Haryana, India
  • Bengaluru R&D Center 560-052 3rd Floor, J.P.& Devi Arcade, No. 69, Millers Road Bangalore Karnataka India

Governance

Chi-joon Choi, the current CEO in 2014, became the president and CEO of Samsung Electro-Mechanics in 2012 which was the 40th foundation anniversary of the company.[1] As of June 2014, Samsung Electro-Mechanics has 3 full-time directors and 4 independent directors. The board of directors consist of 4 subcommittees (management committee, audit committee, independent director nomination committee and internal business committee). In March 2014, the company appointed a female independent director. The following are the names of board of directors members.[2]

board of directors in SEM
Title Name Career Field of activity(assigned tasks)
Full time directors Chi-joon Choi President and CEO
Chief of LCR Division, Samsung Electro-Mechanics
Chairperson of the management committee
Chairperson of the independent director nomination committee
Young-no Kwon Chief of Corporate Management Staff / Senior vice president
Samsung Future Strategy Department Management Assessment Team
Member of the management committee
Member of the independent director nomination committee
Kang-heon Hur Chief of Research Laboratory / Senior vice president Member of the management committee
Independent directors Min-koo Han Former) 36th Chairperson of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
Honorary professor in Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Seoul National University
Member of the independent director nomination committee
Seung-jae Lee Former) 7th Commissioner of Provincial Maritime Police Agency
Lawyer in Dongin Law Firm (LLC)
Chairperson of the Audit committee
Chairperson of the internal business committee
Member of the independent director nomination committee
Tae-kyun Kwon Former) 27th Administrator of the Public Procurement Service
Former) UAE ambassador
Member of the Audit committee
Member of the internal business committee
Member of the independent director nomination committee
Hyun-cha Choe Former) 16th co-president of the Korean society of Consumer Studies
Professor of Consumer Studies Major, Seoul National University
Member of the Audit committee
Member of the internal business committee

Samsung Electro-Mechanics was selected as an outstanding company for corporate governance structure (Stock market category) by Korea Corporate Governance Service (www.cgs.or.kr) in 2014.[3]

Environment management

Greenhouse gas

In the results of the evaluation of CDP(carbon disclosure project)Korea Committee in 2013, Samsung Electro-Mechanics was incorporated in Carbon Management Global Leaders Club that selects only five companies having best carbon management. Also, it was incorporated into CDLI(Climate Disclosure Leadership Index) of a list of the top 10% based on the information disclosure level and CPLI(Climate Performance Leadership Index) of a list of the top 10% having excellent performance.[4] CDP is the assessment initiative showing high reliability of the entire world's sustainability assessment indicators.[5] It is used as investment guidelines related to climate change of financial investment institute by collecting and opening greenhouse gas information of the world's major listed companies.[6]

Since 2008, Samsung Electro-Mechanics has built low-carbon management system such as carbon management system, low-carbon product development. It also participated in Green Partnership promoted by Korea government for making low-carbon supply of suppliers by supporting for reduction of carbon dioxide and development of low-carbon product to the suppliers.[7] In 2013, it published carbon management report in order to open performance carbon management and future plans of carbon management and it opened 'COOLSEMCO 1530' vision with goal of 30% reduction of GHG intensity compared to 2008 by the year of 2015. It reduced by about 250,000 tons of greenhouse gases over the last five years based on the low-carbon medium term strategy.[8] Total green gas emissions of Samsung Electro-Mechanics in 2012 was 883,723 tone and it has been increased by about 15.5% during 3 years. However, the sales account has been increased by about 18.3% and GHG intensity has been lowered.[9]

Energy

In the 34th Energy-Saving Promotion conference awarding a prize to person who contributed to the improvement of energy efficiency and overcoming the power supply crisis, Chi-joon Choi, CEO of Samsung Electro-Mechanics was awarded the Siver Tower Industry medal with best honor.[10] Since the organization dedicated to energy was established in 2008, it has established energy management policy and has built global energy management system basis. With these system, it had made about 2,000 energy reduction projects for 5 years until 2012 and it accomplished investment of 35.6 billion won and reduction effect of 42.4 billion one. It is removing energy waste factors by installing standards of equipment energy efficiency rating system, building efficiency rating system, supply equipment efficiency rating system.[11]

It was awarded the energy management system certificate (ISO 50001) by Korea Energy Management Corporation and it is participating to "Energy Management Accomplishment Evaluation Demo Business".[12]

Social Contribution

Samsung Electro-Mechanics is contributing to society in many ways by providing cultural activities, physical activities and medical support. SEMCO runs a handicapped/youth orchestra program, hosts a national badminton tournament for handicapped players and provides free artificial joint surgery for low income families. In addition, each Division of SEMCO has established a sisterhood relationship with farming/fishing villages, in order to provide support for the local communities. In 2013, Samsung Electro-Mechanics founded an orchestra composed of 35 children and teenage members with disabilities.[13] They recently held their first regular concert.[14]

Since 2008, the national music competition for handicapped students, in which individuals or groups of students with developmental disabilities, visual impairment or physical disabilities can participate and compete, is being hosted along with TJB Daejeon TV.[15]

Since 2006, a badminton tournament for disabled is regularly held annually, and about 3,000 people including the players, supporters and volunteer service teams participate from 16 cities around the country. In 2005, Samsung Electro-Mechanics started to provide free artificial joint surgery for low income families as part of the company's medical support policy, and as of 2013, 369 beneficiaries from Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheong-do and Gangwon-do regions underwent the procedure.[16]

Since 2002, Samsung Electro-Mechanics started to set up a sisterhood relationship with farming or fishing villages around the country, and as of 2013, SEMCO is now twinned with 15 small towns in Jeolla-do and Gangwon-do.[17]

Win-Win Growth

In 2014, Samsung Electro-Mechanics obtained an excellent grade in win-win growth index evaluated by the National Commission for Corporate Partnership for 3 years in a row since 2012.[18] Samsung Electro-Mechanics developed a win-win fund of 77.5 billion KRW from October 2010 to support facilities and operation of its partner companies (suppliers), and still strengthening support for its suppliers by expanding performance sharing policy, providing funds and supports for 2nd vendors and providing consultation.[19] For 6 years from 2006 until 2012, SEMCO's sales improved by 2.4 times, while the average sales of partner companies (suppliers) improved by 3.1 times.[20]

In 2004, Samsung Electro-Mechanics created its own win-win cooperation department and provided a variety of supports in many different areas since.[21]

In 2005, "Win-Win Plaza" that can accommodate employees from partner companies and co-develop many projects, was established in Suwon Plant. Every year, about 10 suppliers move in and closely work with Samsung Electro-Mechanics from the initial stage of product development. For instance, "Digitaloptics", a partner company who moved into the Win-Win Plaza in 2011, co-participated in "Sharing Performance Policy" with Samsung Electro-Mechanics, and as a result, they were able to improve their productivity, reduced the cost of lens to 50% and reduced molding cost.[22]

In 2009, Samsung Electro-Mechanics established an educational-industrial consortium and a win-win academy to expand learning opportunities for employees of partner companies and provide training & education that centers around the work-site.[23] Since 2011, Samsung Electro-Mechanics is hosting an annual "Win-Win Growth Technology Development Exhibition" where SEMCO and partner companies can co-develop new products that require immediate securing of original technologies.[24]

In July 2013, Samsung Electro-Mechanics held a relay open communication forum with 320 partner companies and 2nd vendors for 1 month and discussed about new technologies, new product development R&D and how to improve competitiveness.[25] From the open communication forum, 3 key topics for Win-Win Growth ("Improving supplier competitiveness, Expanding performance sharing policy and creating green management ecosystem) was suggested.[26]

References

  1. ^ "New CEO Chi-joon Choi of Samsung Electro-Mechanics. First promotion to CEO internally". Yonhap infomax. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Financial Supervisory Service 2014
  3. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics awarded a prize for governance structure followed by S-oil's grand prize". Money Today. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "SK hynix CDP Hall of Fame". The Energy Economic News. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Rate the raters 2012 A GlobeScan/SustainAbility, 2013년
  6. ^ CDP Homepage
  7. ^ "Semsusng Electro-Mechanics accomplished reduction of 125,000 ton of green gas during 3 years". The Hankyoreh. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics, "Green gas 30% reduction within 3 years…we are the representative of green managmenet in Samsung". The Herald Business. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics accomplished 14,000t of green gass with 2.8 billion won investment". Yonhap News. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "[Energy saving is our competitiveness.] Semsung Electro-Mechanics". Etnews. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "[Energy Special] Silver Tower Order of Industrial Service Merit – CEO Chi-joon Choi of Samsung Electro-Mechanics". The Kyunghyang Shinmun. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMCO) issues certification for ISO 50001 energey management". Energy & Environment News. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics forms an orchestra for disabled and provides free artificial joint surgery". The Financial News. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics holds its first regular concert "Hello! SEM Orchestra". Internet hankookilbo. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "[Sharing with neighbors] Samsung Electro-Mechanis". Internet hankookilbo. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics signs an agreement for artificial joint surgery business with Gangwon-do". AJU Business Daily. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics provides free artificial joint surgery for low income familes and disabled". The Digital Times. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics and Samsung Electronics receive "Grand Prize" for Win-Win Growth for 3 years in a row". Asia Today. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  19. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics "Board of directors visit 1st and 2nd vendors"". News Tomato. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics, actively providing support to its suppliers to raise their sales 3 times". Energy & Environment News. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics, 62.5 billion KWR raised for Win-Win Fund, and has a designated funding team". Maeil Business Newspaper. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics – Digitaloptics saves 50% of cost in "Win-Win Plaza"". Maeil Business Newspaper. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012. 
  23. ^ ""Win-Win Growth Effect" SEMCO's suppliers increase sales even more". Money Today. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics uses Win-Win "Magic" to increase sales of its suppliers". AJU Business Daily. 27 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics "Board of directors visit 1st and 2nd vendors"". News Tomato. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "Samsung Electro-Mechanics heightens the international competitiveness by co-developing new technologies with its suppliers". Internet hankookilbo. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
This page is based on data from Wikipedia (read/edit), Freebase, Amazon and YouTube under respective licenses.
Text is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.