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Parras

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Overview

Parras de la Fuente
Municipal seat
Parras de la Fuente
Parras de la Fuente
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 25°26′25″N 102°10′45″W / 25.44028°N 102.17917°W / 25.44028; -102.17917Coordinates: 25°26′25″N 102°10′45″W / 25.44028°N 102.17917°W / 25.44028; -102.17917
Country  Mexico
State Coahuila
Municipality Parras
Founded February 18, 1598
Elevation 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 45,423
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)


Parras de la Fuente is located in Mexico - Parras
Parras de la Fuente is located in Mexico
For the town in Aragón, Spain, see Las Parras de Castellote.

Parras de la Fuente (English: Grapevines of the Fountain) is a city located in the southern part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. The city serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding Parras Municipality, which has an area of 9,271.7 km2 (3,579.8 sq mi).

At the census of 2010, the population was 45,423. There are a large number of factories that produce denim, including a Dickies factory, and Parras is also a wine-making place. This region is the oldest wine-making in the Americas.

History

The former Hacienda del Rosario is the place where Parras de la Fuente was founded in 1598, by Capitán Antón Martín de Zapata. There, the revolutionary and President of Mexico Francisco I. Madero was born in 1873.

In 1846, during the Mexican-American War, Parras was held by U.S. troops. Also, French forces were defeated there in 1866 during the French intervention in Mexico.

The local legend claims that the oldest winery in the Americas is in Parras de la Fuente, and was founded by Lorenzo García in the 16th century. The origin of this myth is none other than Jose Vasconcelos and his biography of Evaristo Madero, but recent research has debunked this assertion. Even earlier research has proven that during most of the 16th century many wineries were founded in central New Spain, Peru, Chile, and modern-day Argentina.[1]

Features

Parras de la Fuente is a Pueblo Mágico, designated in 2004.

Parras is called "The oasis" of the semidesert of Coahuila state. Parras has bathing resorts, which were used to generate electric power for industry usage.

The Municipality Presidence building, a historical attraction, which is a replica of the State's Government Palace in Saltillo. The Hostal el Farol is in the historic the former house of General Raul Madero. San Ignacio de Loyola Church was built in the 17th century. Santo Madero Church is located on an extinct volcano plug just north of the town.

Notable residents

Sister city

Academic programs

References

  1. ^ Jose Vasconcelos "Evaristo Madero: Biografia de un Patricio" (Impresiones Modernas, 1954); Rafael Heliodoro Valle, “The History of Wine in Mexico” American Journal of Enology and Viticulture Vol. 9, No. 3, (1958); Pablo Lacoste "La vid y el vino en América del Sur: El desplazamiento de los polos vitivinícolas (Siglos XVI Al XX)." Revista Universum Vol. 2, no. No. 19 (2004): 62-93.
  2. ^ "Muere el exgobernador Francisco José Madero". El Siglo de Torreón. 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2013-03-12. 
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