|Parras de la Fuente|
Parras de la Fuente
|Founded||February 18, 1598|
|Elevation||1,500 m (4,900 ft)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
Parras de la Fuente (English: Grapevines of the Fountain) is a city located in the southern part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. At the census of 2010, the population was 45,423. There are a large number of factories that produce denim, including a Dickies factory, and Parras is also a wine-making place. The city serves as the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name, which has an area of 9,271.7 km2 (3,579.8 sq mi). This region is the oldest wine-making in the Americas.
Parras fue fundado oficialmente el 18 de febrero de 1598 por el capitán Antón Martín de Zapata, quien era Justicia Mayor de Las Parras y Lagunas, paraje que también había fundado 20 años antes. La primera estancia española del lugar fue establecida por el capitán Francisco de Urdiñola, en la que posteriormente se construiría la hacienda El Rosario, propiedad del marquesado de San Miguel de Aguayo.
Parras is called "The oasis" of the semidesert of Coahuila. One of the historic attractions of Parras is the Municipality Presidence, which is a replica of the State's Government Palace in Saltillo.
One of the main touristic attractions is the Hostal el Farol, the former house of General Raul Madero, and now a beautiful place to stay and eat & Mary's House, situed in the Gral. Cepeda way.
The local legend erroneously claims that the oldest winery in the Americas is in Parras de la Fuente and was founded by Lorenzo García in the 16th century. The origin of this myth is none other than Jose Vasconcelos and his biography of Evaristo Madero, but recent research has debunked this assertion. Even earlier research has proven that during most of the 16th century many wineries were founded in central New Spain, Peru, Chile, and modern-day Argentina.
For rest and recreation, Parras has bathing resorts; these bathing places were used to generate electric power for industry usage.
Among its man-made attractions are Santo Madero Church, which is located on an extinct volcano plug just north of the town, and San Ignacio de Loyola Church, which was built in the 17th century.
Parras was given the "Pueblo Mágico" label in 2004.
- Jose Vasconcelos "Evaristo Madero: Biografia de un Patricio" (Impresiones Modernas, 1954); Rafael Heliodoro Valle, “The History of Wine in Mexico” American Journal of Enology and Viticulture Vol. 9, No. 3, (1958); Pablo Lacoste "La vid y el vino en América del Sur: El desplazamiento de los polos vitivinícolas (Siglos XVI Al XX)." Revista Universum Vol. 2, no. No. 19 (2004): 62-93.
- "Muere el exgobernador Francisco José Madero". El Siglo de Torreón. 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- Link to tables of population data from the Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Coahuila Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México