|Awarded by the President of Pakistan in the name of the Government of Pakistan|
|Type||Pakistan military medal with service ribbon
|Eligibility||Military personnel only|
|Awarded for||Acts of greatest heroism or of the most conspicuous courage in circumstances of extreme danger, and bravery of the highest order, or devotion to the country in the presence of the enemy on land, at sea or in the air.|
|Established||16 March 1957  (applied retrospectively from 14 August 1947)|
|First awarded||16 March 1957 – Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, Captain Muhammad Sarwar, Pakistan army|
|Last awarded||15 July 1999 – Kargil War, Havildar Lalak Jan, Pakistan army|
Nishan-e-Haider (Urdu: نشان حیدر) (abbreviated as "NH") is Pakistan's highest military gallantry award. "Nishan-e-Haider" literally means "Mark of the Lion" in the Urdu language. The word "Haider" is also the epithet of Hazrat Ali.
The Nishan-e-Haider can only be awarded posthumously to members of the Pakistan Armed Forces for sacrificing their life in an act of extraordinary bravery in face of the enemy. Although some consider it equivalent of the British Victoria Cross and the United States Medal of Honor, however, it has no equivalent since the Nishan-e-Haider is unique in that it can only be awarded posthumously. Its exclusivity can be gauged by the fact that, since Pakistan's independence in 1947, there have been only ten recipients.
The Nishan-e-Haider was established by the Government of Pakistan on 16 March 1957, in the year when Pakistan became a republic. However, it was applied retrospectively from the date of Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947. The Nishan-e-Haider is Pakistan's highest award and takes precedence over all military and civil awards. Of the ten Nishan-e-Haider recipients till date, nine have been from the Pakistan Army and one from the Pakistan Air Force.
The Nishan-e-Haider can be awarded posthumously to all ranks of the Pakistan Armed Forces for sacrificing their lives in acts of extraordinary courage in face of the enemy. As a matter of practice and precedent, it has only been awarded posthumously in circumstances where it has been established that a member of the Pakistan Armed Forces acted with extraordinary bravery and courage in face of the enemy notwithstanding the realization of a high risk to his life and, consequentially, sacrificed his life in the act.
The Nishan-e-Haider is manufactured by the Pakistan Mint on order of the Ministry of Defence, Government of Pakistan. It is forged from captured enemy equipment and consists of 88% copper, 10% tin and 2% zinc.
Only ten Nishan-e-Haider medals have been awarded since Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, Ten to members of the Pakistan Army and one to a member of the Pakistan Air Force. Below is the list of Nishan-e-Haider recipients.
|S. No.||Name||Unit and service||Rank||Conflict||Date of death|
|1||Raja Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed||2/1 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army||Captain||1948 Indo-Pak War||27 July 1948|
|2*||Saif Ali Janjua Shaheed||Pakistan Army Corps of Engineers||Naik||1948 Indo-Pak War||26 October 1948|
|3||Tufail Mohammad Shaheed||Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army||Major||1958 Indo-Pak Border Skirmish||7 August 1958|
|4||Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed||17 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army||Major||1965 Indo-Pak War||10 September 1965|
|5||Rashid Minhas Shaheed||No. 2 Fighter Conversion Unit, Pakistan Air Force||Pilot Officer||Pre-1971 Indo-Pak War Hijacking Incident||20 August 1971|
|6||Shabbir Sharif Rana Shaheed||6 Frontier Force Regiment, Pakistan Army||Major||1971 Indo-Pak War||6 December 1971|
|7||Raja Muhammad Hussain Janjua||20 Lancers (Armoured Corps), Pakistan Army||Sawar||1971 Indo-Pak War||10 December 1971|
|8||Muhammad Akram Shaheed||4 Frontier Force Regiment, Pakistan Army||Major||1971 Indo-Pak War||15 December 1971|
|9||Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed||15 Punjab Regiment, Pakistan Army||Lance Naik||1971 Indo-Pak War||17 December 1971|
|10||Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed||Sindh Regiment/12 Northern Light Infantry, Pakistan Army||Captain||1999 Indo-Pak Kargil Conflict||7 July 1999|
|11||Lalak Jan Shaheed||12 Northern Light Infantry, Pakistan Army||Havildar||1999 Indo-Pak Kargil Conflict||7 July 1999|
∗ On 14 March 1949, the Defence Council of Azad Jammu and Kashmir adorned Naik Saif Ali Janjua Shaheed with Hilal-e-Kashmir (posthumous) and on 30 November 1995, the Government of Pakistan initiated the gazette notification to declare his Hilal-e-Kashmir equivalent to Nishan-e-Haider