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Lycoming IO-390 | QuickiWiki

Lycoming IO-390

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Overview

IO-390
Type Piston aero-engine
Manufacturer Lycoming Engines
First run 2002
Major applications Amateur-built aircraft


Lycoming-IO390 - Lycoming IO-390
Lycoming-IO390

The Lycoming IO-390 engine is a horizontally opposed, four-cylinder aircraft engine, manufactured by Lycoming Engines.[1][2]

There is no carburetted version of the engine, which would have been designated O-390 and therefore the base model is the IO-390.[1][2]

TimelineBETA

Thanks 1965
February 1: The IO-390 was certified on 30 March 2009 to FAR 33 effective February 1, 1965, as amended by 33-1 through 33-24.
Thanks 2009
January: The base price of the IO-390-EXP version was USD$32,650.00.
Thanks  
November: Lycoming announced that it had obtained an FAA Supplemental Type Certificate to replace the originally fitted Lycoming O-360 engines in the Mooney M20E, M20F and M20J with a new or remanufactured IO-390-A3A6 engine.
Thanks  
November 12: Also on November 12, 2009 Commander Aircraft received an STC for its model 112B using the MTV-12-B/188-59b propeller.

Videos

Design and development

The engine was originally conceived in the 1970s as the IO-400-X, but the project was never pursued.[3]

The IO-390 family of engines, which Lycoming refers to as the IO-390-X, produce 200 hp (149 kW) to 210 hp (157 kW). The IO-390 was developed from the similar IO-360 engine, by using cylinders from the IO-580 to increase the O-360's cylinder bore. It features a tuned induction system, roller tappets and Slick Start ignition. The engine has a fuel injection system which meters fuel in proportion to the induction airflow with fuel vaporization taking place at the intake ports. The engine has a displacement of 390 cubic inches (6.39 litres). The cylinders have air-cooled heads.[1][2][3]

The IO-390 was first introduced at AirVenture 2002. It has a factory recommended TBO of 2000 hours and requires a dynafocal engine mount.[2][3]

The IO-390 was initially marketed through Lycoming's custom engine subsidiary, Thunderbolt Engines, prior to the engine's certification and was at that time only available for installation on non-certified aircraft. The IO-390 was certified on 30 March 2009 to FAR 33 effective February 1, 1965, as amended by 33-1 through 33-24.[1][2][3][4]

In January 2009 the base price of the IO-390-EXP version was USD$32,650.00.[5]

In November 2009 Lycoming announced that it had obtained an FAA Supplemental Type Certificate to replace the originally fitted Lycoming O-360 engines in the Mooney M20E, M20F and M20J with a new or remanufactured IO-390-A3A6 engine.[6] Also on November 12, 2009 Commander Aircraft received an STC for its model 112B using the MTV-12-B/188-59b propeller.[7]

Variants

IO-390-X
Four-cylinder, fuel-injected, horizontally opposed, air-cooled direct drive, 390 cubic inches (6.39 litres), 210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, dry weight 308 lb (140 kg), The "X" designation is a generic indicator for all engines in the family.[1][2]
IO-390-EXP
Four-cylinder, fuel-injected, horizontally opposed, air-cooled direct drive, 390 cubic inches (6.39 litres), 210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm, dry weight 308 lb (140 kg), non-certified engine for experimental aircraft assembled by Lycoming's Thunderbolt division.[5]
IO-390-A1A6
The initial certified version: four-cylinder, fuel-injected, horizontally opposed, air-cooled direct drive, 390 cubic inches (6.39 litres), 210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm. This model includes provisions for a single-action controllable-pitch propeller. Certified 30 March 2009.[3][4]
IO-390-A3A6
Certified version: four-cylinder, fuel-injected, horizontally opposed, air-cooled direct drive, 390 cubic inches (6.39 litres), 210 hp (157 kW) at 2700 rpm. This model includes provisions for a single-action controllable-pitch propeller. This model is similar to the A1A6 but has its propeller flange bushings reindexed. Certified 27 August 2009.[8]
HIO-390
Developed for use on helicopters such as the Enstrom TH180.[citation needed]

Applications

Van's Aircraft RV-8s have been fitted with the IO-390 engine - Lycoming IO-390
Van's Aircraft RV-8s have been fitted with the IO-390 engine
Amateur-built aircraft
The Mooney M20J can have an IO-390-A3A6 installed under an STC - Lycoming IO-390
The Mooney M20J can have an IO-390-A3A6 installed under an STC
Certified aircraft
Military Aircraft

Specifications (IO-390-X)

Data from Lycoming Specialty Datasheet[2] & Type Certificate Data Sheet[4]

General characteristics

  • Type: 4-cylinder fuel-injected horizontally opposed aircraft engine
  • Bore: 5.319 in (135.1 mm)
  • Stroke: 4.375 in (111.1 mm)
  • Displacement: 389 cu in (6.37 L)
  • Length: 30.70 in (780 mm)
  • Width: 34.25 in (870 mm)
  • Height: 19.35 in (491 mm)
  • Dry weight: 308 lb (139.71 kg) dry

Components

  • Fuel system: fuel-injection
  • Fuel type: 100LL avgas
  • Cooling system: air-cooled

Performance

  • Power output: 210 hp (160 kW) at 2700 rpm
  • Specific power: 0.54 hp/in³ (26.0 kW/L)
  • Compression ratio: 8.70:1
  • Fuel consumption: 11.1 gallons per hour (42 liters per hour; 9.2 imperial gallons per hour) at 65 percent power
  • Power-to-weight ratio: 0.68 hp/lb (1.12 kW/kg)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Lycoming Engines (n.d.). "Lycoming IO-390-X". Archived from the original on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Lycoming Engines (2004). "Specialty datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 2008-12-20. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Lycoming Engines (2008). "Lycoming's Certified IO-390 Series Engine". Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  4. ^ a b c Federal Aviation Administration (March 2009). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. E00006NY". Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ a b Lycoming Engines (January 2009). "Thunderbolt Engine Configurator". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-01-06. 
  6. ^ a b Grady, Mary (November 2009). "Lycoming Gets IO-390 STC For Legacy Mooneys". Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  7. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (12 November 2009). "Supplemental Type Certificate, STC Number: SA00291BO". Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Federal Aviation Administration (August 2009). "TYPE CERTIFICATE DATA SHEET NO. E00006NY Revision 1" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  9. ^ Grady, Mary (July 2009). "Cessna News Update: ASTM Compliance For SkyCatcher". Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  10. ^ a b Burnside, Joseph E. (Jeb) (July 2009). "Lycoming: Bringing More Technology To An Airplane Near You". Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  11. ^ AVweb Editorial Staff (August 2008). "AVwebFlash Complete Issue: Volume 14, Number 31e". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  12. ^ Aero-News Network (February 2009). "Lancair To Provide Colombian Air Force With Training Aircraft". Retrieved 31 July 2010. 
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