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Amargosa Desert

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Overview

Amargosa Desert
Amargosa Desert near the Bullfrog Hills
Name origin: Amargosa River[1]
Country United States
State Nevada and California
Region Great Basin
County Nye and Inyo
Borders on west: Funeral Mountains & Yucca Mountain
east: Nellis Air Force Range
Parts Franklin Lake Playa[2]
River Amargosa
Elevation 2,411 ft (735 m) [3]
Area 2,600 sq mi (6,734 km2) [4] including:
1981 sq mi of Amargosa River Basin[2]
600 sq mi of Amargosa Valley[4]
Geology Crater Flat
Timezone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
The Amargosa Desert is near Death Valley


Amargosa desert - Amargosa Desert
Amargosa desert

The Amargosa Desert is located in Nye County in western Nevada, United States, along the CaliforniaNevada border. It is largely coincident with the geographic Amargosa Valley.

The desert is named after the Amargosa River, so-named for the Spanish word for bitter because of the bitter taste of the water.[1]

Geography

The Amargosa Desert lies at an elevation of about 2,600 to 2,750 feet (790 to 840 m), and includes the community of Amargosa Valley, Nevada, (formerly Lathrop Wells), which lies at the southern end of the desert.

The desert lies between the Funeral Mountains and Death Valley to the west, and Yucca Mountain and the Nellis Air Force Range to the east.

Natural history

The Amargosa Desert is an arid desert habitat and an ecotone between the northern Great Basin and southern Mojave Desert ecosystems and biogeography regions. The seasonal Amargosa River course runs through the desert, with the rare Shoshone pupfish in nearby Amargosa Pupfish Station of the Desert National Wildlife Refuge Complex.

References

California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names
Erwin G. Gudde (2004)
Absco, a Southern Pacific station, was coined in the 1920s from the name of the American Beet Sugar Company, which had a factory in Oxnard.Pochea is an Indian village site in Riverside County, said to mean "where the rabbit went in."Siskiyou was the Chinook word for 'bobtailed horse,' originally taken over from the Cree language. From Abadi Creek to Zzyzyx Spring, thousands of discoveries await the reader of California Place Names. This is the fourth edition, extensively revised and expanded, of a classic work of Californiana. The curious traveler or resident, as well as the serious student, will find a wealth of description and history in these names, as rich and various as the California landscape itself.Like its predecessors, this edition concentrates on the origins of the names currently used for the cities, towns, settlements, mountains, and streams of California, with engrossing accounts of the history of their usage. It has been updated to incorporate the latest research on California place names published by regional historians and to include new names that have been added to the California map since 1969. Readers will appreciate the local pronunciation of place names with unusual spellings; anyone curious about how to say La Jolla or Weitchpec can find the information here, in phonetic transcriptions. Finally, the many California place names of American Indian origin--such as Yreka, Shasta, Napa, Sonoma, Tamalpais, Yosemite, Lompoc, Mugu, Coachella, or Poway--receive particular attention from editor William Bright. The dictionary includes a Glossary and a Bibliography.
  1. ^ a b Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed. ed.). University of California Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-520-24217-3. 
  2. ^ a b Reheis, Maris C, et al. Late Cenozoic Drainage History of the Southwestern Great Basin and Lower Colorado River Regions. p. 48. Retrieved October 15, 2010. 
  3. ^ "Amargosa Desert". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. December 31, 1981. Retrieved November 6, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Walker, George E; Eakin, Thomas E (March 1963). "Geology and Ground Water of Amargosa Desert, Nevada-California" (pdf). Ground-Water Resources - Reconnaissance Series 14. Nevada Dept of Conservation and Natural Resources. p. 4. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
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